czwartek, 13 lipca 2017

Daniel Tolkien's Last Will and Testament (continuation)

Thanks to the help of Jarema Piekutowski I could present the more complete transcript of Daniel Tolkien's (1746-1813) last will and testament. See here.

Rafał Hordyjewski has sent to me another version of this document from FindMyPast.com


I have only this one page of the document. I suspect the other pages could confirm that Daniel's brother was John Benjamin Tolkien (we know this but we need the strong, ultimate confirmation). Maybe you know this document and you could help us?

Heiligenbeil i jego mieszczanie o nazwisku Tolkien (XVII/XVIII w.)

Interesuje mnie ostatnio miasteczko Heiligenbeil (dziś ros. Mamonowo, dawniej również Świętomiejsce/Święta Siekierka). To jedyne miejsce w Europie, gdzie w XVII i XVIII w.  poza Gdańskiem spotykam mieszczan-rzemieślników o nazwisku Tolkien (Tolckin, Tollkihn). Do tego mieszczanie ci noszą identyczne imiona, jak gdańscy Tolkienowie. Można zatem podejrzewać, że są to ich krewni. Święta Siekierka interesuje mnie też dlatego, że blisko z niej do Bartoszyc, gdzie od XIV w. mieszka ród rycerski Tolk/Tolkien.

Najstarszy pewny krewny prof. Tolkiena, którego znalazłem, to Michael Tolkien, który urodził się w 1708 w nieznanej miejscowości i zmarł w 1795 w Gdańsku. Miał on najpewniej brata o imieniu Christian Tolkien. To on właśnie był ojcem Daniela Gottlieba Tolkiena, kuśnierza z Londynu i najpewniej jego brata, Johna Benjamina Tolkiena, prapradziadka prof. Tolkiena.

Tutaj, w Świętej Siekierce na przełomie XVII i XVIII w. żyją mieszczanie i słodownicy
o nazwisku Tolkien
W Świętej Siekierce spotykam w 1690 Gottfrieda Tolkiena ("Tolckin"), mieszczanina i słodownika ("Bürger und Mälzenbräuer"). W 1717 żyje tam Michael Tolkien ("Michel Tolkihn"), mieszczanin.

Z zapisów historycznych wiemy, że w 1709 i 1711 miasteczko dotknęła epidemia dżumy, a populacja Świętej Siekierki zmniejszyła się o połowę.

15 czerwca 1713 Michael Tolkien wziął ślub z Marią Tiedmans.


22 sierpnia 1715 przychodzi na świat Michael Tolkien ("Tolckihn"), syn Michaela i Marii (ochrzczono go 24 sierpnia). 19 grudnia 1726 przychodzi na świat ich córka, Dorothea (ochrzczono ją 21 grudnia). Michael Tolkien określony jest w tym wpisach jako słodownik ("Mälzenbräuer").

  

poniedziałek, 10 lipca 2017

Michael & Euphrosina Tolkien – known documents


1708 – Michael Tolkien born. The birth and baptism acts still not found. His father might have been a Gottfried Tolkien (according to the "naming patterns")

13 October 1744 (Marienkirche)

Anna Elisabeth Tolckien, daughter of Michael & Euphrosyna Tolckien (née Matthießen)
Godparents: Christian Tolckien,
Daniel & Elisabeth Matthies.
Gottfried & Anna Maria Holz


22 March 1746 (Marienkirche)

Euphrosyna Regina Tolckien, daughter of Michael & Euphrosyna Tolckien
Godparents: Daniel Matthies.,
Johann Georg & Adelgunda Karthol,
Johann Georg & Cordula Elisabeth Rose 


30 January 1748 (Marienkirche)

Dorothea Constantia Tolkühn, daughter of Michael & Euphrosina Tollkühn
Godparents: Michael Johann Gottfried Ewald [Ehwald], Rector of St Johannis School,
Martin & Constantia Music [?]
Johann Gottlieb & Adalgunda Constantia Lölus [?]


11 October 1750 (Marienkirche)

Johann Gottfried Tolckien, son of Michael & Euphrosina Tolckien


...

22 June 1752 (Marienkirche)

Johann Daniel Tolckien, son of Michael & Euphrosina Tolckien
Godparents: Daniel Zacharius,
Johann George Rose
Johann Friedrich & Anna Dorothea Oyer


8 December 1757 (Marienkirche)

Michael Tolkühn, son of Michael & Euphrosyna Tolkühn
Godparents: Michael Lebner & Johann Abraham Schaft
Johann Marschall
Johann & Regina Concordia Ottmerson


8 October 1760 (Marienkirche)

Benjamin Tollkühn, son of Michael & Euphrosyna Tolkühn
Godparents: Christoph Willhelm Angermüller, Gottfried Hieronymus Fischer, Johann Jacob Uebelein,
Salomon & Adalgunda Skybrowski, Christian & Concordia Neidemann


9 May 1762 (Marienkirche)

Christian Tollkühn, son of Michael & Euphrosyna Tolkühn
...

8 August 1765 (Kürschnergaße?)
Niklaus Übelin und Michael Tolkien, Älteste des Erbgewerks der Kürschner in der Königlichen See- und Handlungsstadt Danzig, bekennen, dass der Christoph Plöhn, geboren in St. Albrecht bei Danzig, von 1756 September 20 bis 1762 September 20 bei Christian Neidemann 6 Jahre das Kürschnerhandwerk gelernt habe und zum Gesellen erklärt worden sei.
 

Den 8ten Monaths Tag August des ein Tausend sieben Hundert und fünfundsechzigsten Jahres; in unserm Gewerck 

'Niklaus Übelin and Michael Tolkien, the Oldest of the Furrier Inheritance-Craft in Royal Sea- and Tradetown of Danzig, confesses that Christoph Plöhn, born in St. Albrecht near Gdansk, from 1756 September 20 to 1762 September 20, etc. (...) In our guild'. 

10 September 1766

Den 10 Sept. habe ist auf den Kürschner Gewerkshause [...] einszusammen gegeben: Andreas Ubelin und Jungfrau Constantia Dorothea, das Michael Tolckiehns [...] Jungster Tochter


19 November 1771 (St Elisabeth Kirche)

Constantia Dorothea Tolckühn as wife of Andreas Ubelin and mother of Andreas Ubelin


10 January 1772 (St Elisabeth Kirche)

Michael Tolckühn as one of godparents of the twins, Carl Gotthilf Samuel Ubelin and Carolina Euphrosina Concordia Ubelin


Den 10 [April 1783] (St Katharinenkirche)
Ist Frau Euphrosina Tolckinin vom Dam(m) auf der liegen Bahr unter
den Bürger Stein No. 84 48
beigesetzt, vor die Erde u. Glocken – 5"


'There is Lady Euphrosina Tolckin from Damm [one of the streets in Gdańsk],
through placing the body-streacher under the citizen stone no. 48, [fee] for the earth and bells – 5'



1792-1793
"Der Danziger Krieges-Staat":

Breitekvartier, Blaue Regiment, 12. Fahne:

Capitain, Johann Jacob Wichmann
Lieutnant, Michael Tolkien [old Michael or rather his son born 1757]

Fähnrich, Gottfried Hieronymus Fischer [see 1760, one of the godparents]
Adjutant, Peter Fremaut (...)


29 [Oktober 1795] (St Katharinenkirche)
Michael Tolckin, Bürger und Kürschner M[ei]st[e]r, 87 Yahr[[e] alt ist aus
Schwäche gestorben gab in Danzig, lag in sein eigen Grab, vor Erde [und] Gl[ocken] 5

'Michael Tolckin, citizen and furrier-master, 87 years old, died of weakness in Gdańsk, lies in his own grave, [fee] for earth and bells – 5'



Tolkin – Jewish family from Poswol in Lithuania

Source: Ancestry.co.uk

When Professor Tolkien was asked in the 1930s if he was of Jewish origin, maybe someone had in mind the Tolkin Jewish family from Lithuania? I have found this act of naturalization of Nathan Tolkin from Poswol in Lithuania

 

czwartek, 29 czerwca 2017

Naming patterns and children of Michael Tolkien

From "The Importance of Names and Naming Patterns. Why are Names Important and What Can you Learn from a First Name?" by Donna Przecha
"You will often see the same names used over and over again in families. While certain names are popular in different areas in different times in history, the repetition could represent a pattern. Many cultures believe in honoring their elders and do so by naming children after them. Angus Baxter in "In Search of Your British and Irish Roots" describes a pattern that was popular in England in the 1700-1875 period: 
  • The first son was named after the father's father 
  • The second son was named after the mother's father 
  • The third son was named after the father 
  • The fourth son was named after the father's eldest brother 
  • The first daughter after the mother's mother 
  • The second daughter after the father's mother 
  • The third daughter after the mother 
  • The fourth daughter after the mother's eldest sister  (...)"

One document from 1744 and two brothers: Michael and Christian Tolkien from Gdańsk, and Euphrosina

If this pattern applied to the Gdańsk family of Michael Tolkien (1708-1795), we could reconstruct the forms of names of the further J.R.R. Tolkien's ancestors. Let us try (using data from my recent research; see "Tolkien's ancestors found..."):

(Johann) Gottfried – Michael Tolkien's father?
(Johann) Daniel – Euphrosina Matthießen's father?
Michael – father's name? (positive!)
Benjamin – father's eldest brother?
Christian – father's second-eldest brother? (positive!)*

Anna Elisabetha – Euphrosina's mother?
Euphrosina Regina – Michael's mother?
Dorothea Constantia – after mother not; maybe after mother's eldest sister?  

But...
This could be a very helpful formula, but many genealogists warn against giving it too much credence. Given human nature, it would be very difficult to follow exactly. It would be pretty hard to convince a new mother of her first-born son to name him after a drunken, abusive father-in-law rather than her own beloved father who had just died.
_______________________________
* I suppose Christian Tolkien, father of Daniel Gottlieb (and Johann Benjamin?) was Michael Tolkien's brother

środa, 28 czerwca 2017

Hausmarken (house marks) from St Catharine




House marks from St Catharine church in Gdańsk. One of them may be the Tolkien house mark. Which one? My research will answer this question...

1744: Michael, Euphrosina and Christian Tolkien


#TolkienAncestry presents Michael Tolkien, his wife Euphrosina and Christian Tolkien. Michael's brother? Why Daniel Tolkien from London had Christian and Euphrosina Tolkien as his parents? Had Christian another Euphrosina as his wife? There are no traces of another Euphrosina Tolkien in Gdańsk... Something that is a big puzzle for me. What are your ideas?